Klarafestival 2017: Home sweet home
Klarafestival makes it its mission to refer to relevant and topical social themes. This edition is no exception. Under the banner home sweet home, the 2017 Klarafestival programme zooms in on migration and dislocation, exile and identity.
Joseph Haydn is an uncontested grandmaster of the string quartet. In the quartet op. 76/3, he cleverly plays off musical themes against each other, the four strings enter into a lively dialogue with each other and intense passages are alternated with gallant melodies. This quartet became famous around the world thanks to the theme of the second part: it is the melody of Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser, the imperial anthem Haydn had already composed sometime before. It is to this anthem that the quartet owes its nickname Emperor and much later, in 1922, Germany adopted the piece as its national anthem. Another year down the road, Paul Hindemith wrote his String Quartet № 5, a compact, avant-garde work. Hindemith’s progressive, musical language wasn’t always well-received — certainly not in the 1930s. Nazi appreciation for the modernistic composer fluctuated between ‘potential new standard bearer of Germanic music’ and ‘atonal noise maker’, in the words of Joseph Goebbels.